Rock Climbing Terms in Chinese

My sources for this list come from Chinese language forums, blogs, and videos. Terms without any Chinese are probably ones where you would only use the English but I’m interested to see if anybody has Chinese equivalents for those ones that are blank. As you can see, there can be differences between the mainland term and the Taiwanese one so I’ve tried my best to search for all the variations in terminology. I hope you enjoy the list!

Rock climbing: 攀岩 pān yán

Types of climbing

  • Aid climbing: 器械攀登 qì xiè pān dēng
  • Bouldering: 抱石 bào shí
  • Deep-water soloing: 深水独攀 shēn shuǐ dú pān
  • Free soloing: 徒手独攀, 自由独攀 tú shǒu dú pān, zì yóu dú pān
  • Indoor climbing: 室内攀岩 shì nèi pān yán
  • Lead climbing: 先锋攀登 xiān fēng pān dēng
  • Multi-pitch climb: 多段攀登 duō duàn pān dēng
  • Outdoor climbing: 户外攀岩 hù wài pān yán
  • Slab: 岩板 yán bǎn
  • Sport climbing: 运动攀登 yùn dòng pān dēng
  • Speed climbing: 速度攀登 sù dù pān dēng
  • Top-roping: 顶绳攀登 dǐng shéng pān dēng
  • Trad climbing: 传统攀登 chuán tǒng pān dēng

Climbing equipment

  • Anchor: 固定点 gù dìng diǎn
    • (Taiwan) 顶链 dǐng liàn
  • ATC: 猪鼻子 zhū bí zǐ
  • Belay device: 保护器 bǎo hù qì
    • (Taiwan) 确保器 què bǎo qì
  • Bolt: 岩石栓, 瓜片 yán shí shuān, guā piàn
    • (Taiwan) bolt
  • Cam: 岩赛 yán sài
    • (Taiwan) cam
  • Carabiner: 铁锁, 钩环 tiě suǒ, gōu huán
  • Chalk: 防滑粉, 镁粉 fáng huá fěn, měi fěn
  • Climbing shoes: 攀岩鞋 pān yán xié
  • Clip: 夹子 jiā zǐ
  • Crash pad: 抱石垫 bào shí diàn
  • Daisy chain: 菊绳 jú shéng
  • Dynamic rope: 动力绳, 弹性绳 dòng lì shéng, dàn xìng shéng
  • Harness: 安全带 ān quán dài
  • Helmet: 头盔 tóu kuī
  • Jumar: 上升器 shàng shēng qì
  • Locking carabiner: 主锁 zhǔ suǒ
  • Nut: 岩石塞 yán shí sāi
  • Quickdraw: 快挂 kuài guà
    • (Taiwan) 快扣 kuài kòu
  • Rope: 绳 shéng
  • Static rope: 主绳, 静力绳 zhǔ shéng, jìng lì shéng

Climbing techniques

  • Bump: 跳点 tiào diǎn
  • Campus
  • Cross: 交叉手 jiāo chā shǒu
  • Downclimbing: 下攀 xià pān
  • Dropknee: 折膝 zhē xī
    • (Taiwan) 膝盖朝下 xī gài zhāo xià
  • Dynamic belay: 动态保护 dòng tài bǎo hù
  • Dyno: 动态 dòng tài
  • Edging: 足边攀岩 zú biān pān yán
  • Flagging: 挂旗法 guà qí fǎ
  • Gaston: 横拉 héng lā
  • Heel-hooking: 脚跟勾 jiǎo gēn gōu
    • (Taiwan) 掛腳 guà jiǎo
  • Layback: 侧身 cè shēn
  • Lock-off: 闭锁 bì suǒ
  • Mantle: 下压, 下推 xià yā, xià tuī
  • Match: 同点 tóng diǎn
  • Rappel: 下降 xià jiàng
  • Smearing: 摩擦 mó cā
  • Toe-hooking: 脚尖勾 jiǎo jiān gōu
    • (Taiwan) 勾腳, 勾腳尖 gōu jiǎo, gōu jiǎo jiān
  • Traverse: 横切攀登 héng qiē pān dēng

Different holds and features

  • Arete
  • Crack: 裂缝 liè féng
  • Crimp: 抠点 kōu diǎn
  • Foot hold: 脚点 jiǎo diǎn
  • Hold: 岩点, 支点, 手点 yán diǎn, zhī diǎn, shǒu diǎn
  • Jug
  • Ledge: 平台 píng tái
  • Overhang: 俯角 fǔ jiǎo
  • Pinch: 捏 niē
  • Pocket: 指洞 zhǐ dòng
  • Sloper: 斜面点 xié miàn diǎn
    • (Taiwan) 摩擦点, open点 mó cā diǎn, open diǎn
  • Undercling: 反抠 fǎn kōu
    • (Taiwan) 倒抓 dǎo zhuā

Other stuff

  • Barn door: 转门 zhuǎn mén
    • (Taiwan) 开门 kāi mén
  • Belay: 保护 bǎo hù
    • (Taiwan) 确保 què bǎo
  • Beta
  • Climbing gym: 攀岩馆 pān yán guǎn
  • Crag: 岩场 yán cháng
  • Crux: 难点 nán diǎn
  • Deadpoint
  • Elvis leg
  • Fall: 坠落 zhuì luò
    • (Taiwan) fall
  • Figure 8: 八字环 bā zì huán
  • Flash
  • Grade: 难度 nán dù
  • Gumby: 攀岩菜鸟 pān yán cài niǎo
  • Pumped
  • Route: 线路 xiàn lù
    • (Taiwan) 路线 lù xiàn
  • Redpoint
  • Send: 完攀 wán pān
  • Slack: 松绳, 放绳, 给绳 sōng shéng, fàng shéng, gěi shéng
  • Tick marks: 镁粉印 měi fěn yìn
  • Whipper 

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